Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Computer models and simulations are essential tools for visualizing data, for predicting future trends in energy production and for discovering safe and reliable energy systems to support human needs. Energy informatic technology also provides information in a format suitable for developing appropriate management plans that optimize energy resources while protecting the environment.

Challenges of Carbon Capture and Storage

At Livermore Laboratory, an ingenious blend of computer science, geology, ecology, atmospheric science and other disciplines is used to find solutions to a number of challenges facing the development and safe operation of carbon capture and storage (CCS) facilities.

Challenges related to CCS include:

  • Evaluating Strategies for the Coproduction of Water
  • Predicting the Consequences of Releases of CO2
  • Simulating Subsurface Pressure Build-up
  • Modeling Reactive Transport of CO2 in Groundwater
  • Monitoring CO2 Plumes in Subsurface
  • Characterizing and Assessing Subsurface Geology

Energy Flow Charts


Flow chart of Estimated U.S. Energy Use (click to enlarge image).

Energy flow charts show the connections between energy resources, transformations and end uses.

LLNL's Energy Flow Charts website provides flow charts of the estimated energy use in the U.S.A. by year.

Energy Goes with the Flow

This Science & Technology Review article describes how energy flow charts are used to help visualize the complex relationships involved in powering the nation.